Skin Care: Older adults and people with disabilities are likely to have skin problems because of changes that happen as a person ages. However, medical conditions, pain, depression, confusion, and injury can also affect skin health. As part of our services, our caregivers routinely check our patient’s skin for any changes to prevent or decline the chances of skin problems occurring.
To prevent any discomforts, we adequately protect the skin by:
- Avoiding any contact with moisture (being aware of soiled linens, baths, spilled foods, etc.)
- Avoiding skin scrapes from friction (following safe transfer procedures)
- Observe any allergic reactions, rashes, cuts, bruises, or irritated areas.
- Protect fragile skin from being scratched (performing nail care)
- Signs of dehydration and poor diet (adequate reminders of fluid intake and providing food rich in protein and vitamins)
Bathing: Bathing provides many benefits and is an essential part of our services. When we bathe, we cleanse and remove waste from the skin, stimulate circulation, provide passive and active exercise, and the opportunity to observe and perform skincare. However, bathing varies based on the client’s needs and independence. Our caregivers perform a diversity of bathing services such as showers, bed baths, and perineal care based on the client’s needs and independence. We acknowledge that some clients may need assistance occasionally, others may need help all the time, and we respect their needs and privacy.
Hair Care: Routine hair care involves washing, combing, drying, and styling. These services may be provided with or without the assistance of bathing. A shampoo can be given in the tub or shower, at the sink, or in the bed; however, where the hair is washed will depend on the individual’s appropriate desires. Our caregivers consider the client’s wishes when determining the style and use of the client’s styling equipment.
Dressing: Providing assistance with dressing is an important daily activity that promotes the client’s personal hygiene. When we assist with dressing, we communicate with the client safety procedures and expectations, respect the client’s comfort and privacy, discuss the client’s preferences of clothing, and allow as much independence needed as possible.
Shaving: Shaving is a service that varies based on clients’ preferences and needs. The client may be able to shave. However, our caregivers assist only when it is unsafe for them to do so. Shaving consists of the client’s desire and where it is appropriate to shave such as facial hair, and for females, armpits, or legs.
Nail Care: Nail care for fingers and toes prevent infection, injury, and odors. Our caregivers assist in nail care to ensure healthy skin. Please keep in mind that we do not clip the nails but rather file them. Nail care may also provide an application of lotion or petroleum jelly to hands and feet, as well as the option to apply nail polish.
Foot Care: Foot care is an optional service we provide in activities of daily living. The caregiver may soak the feet or apply lotion to promote relaxation, exercises, and an opportunity to examine the feet for skin problems. Active Range of Motions (ROM) exercises are practiced during foot care, such as stretching the feet, flexing and extending the toes and ankles, and rotating ankles counter / clockwise. Please keep in mind that soaking is not advisable for all clients and depends on the client’s health conditions.
Oral / Denture Care: Providing proper oral hygiene for clients who are unable to care for their own prevents sores and poor hygiene. Therefore, our caregivers assist a client with oral hygiene by practicing proper tooth brushing techniques and providing necessary supplies and equipment (emesis basin, disposable cups, water or mouth rinse, etc.).